您的位置:首页 > 社会新闻

他是罪犯终结者,破案喜欢研究死人尸体,各种恐怖凶杀案都能办

时间:2019-07-23

Song Ci is an outstanding forensic scientist in ancient China. He is a fellow with Zhu Xi and both are Jianyang people. For Song Ci, the TV series《大宋提刑官》made Song Ci's popularity no longer limited to the field of forensic science, but to the extent known to women and children.

1f644692fb2542bf8466e429dd901367

Song Ci studied Confucianism in the early days. After he entered the government, he served as a dozen local officials, mainly responsible for prison matters, and finally paid a courtesy to Guangdong. The number of cases handled by Song Ci in his life is many, and his technique is quite brilliant. He can “speak to the dead” and help countless people to eliminate grievances. It can be said that he is an ancient Holmes.

Even more commendable is that in the two years before his death (AD 1247), he wrote and published《洗冤集录》five volumes. This book is the crystallization of his life experience and thoughts. It is not only China, but also the world's first forensic monograph. Far away from the Dali people, Fotunatu Fideli published the same books in 1602, so Song Ci was also known as the originator of forensic science.

213842040cff464fbd3436dab83e32d5

Song Ci is also a famous person. His ancestors were the Tang dynasty. Song Ci was smart and promising at the beginning, and was originally studied by Zhu Xi’s student Wu Zhi. However, Song Ci’s career was not smooth sailing. At the age of 32, he was a junior scholar and earned a job in Jixian County, Zhejiang Province. Unfortunately, his father died before he took office. According to ancient regulations, Song Ci needs to stay at home to keep filial piety after his parents die.

Until the age of 41, Song Cicai officially embarked on the political stage.

As an official, you need to solve the case. The first obstacle that Song Ci encountered during the trial was “post-mortem”. In ancient times, the examination of corpses was very difficult. In ancient times, feudal thought was very serious. The ancients believed that contact with the body was very suffocating. Therefore, autopsy work is generally done by "untouchables" or "slave" and other people, called "small work."

0cb583c11f8843f88a57b87f765424e6

xx在宋词史之初,他面临着如此大的背景:官僚们“对身体和事件发生的地方做了鼻子和蔑视”。因此,往往存在错误和错误的情况。

监狱官员宋慈讨厌这种现象。他认为,最严厉的惩罚是由犯罪事实决定的,必须对犯罪事实进行检验以确定。因此,测试结果通常是至关重要的。

因此,宋词设定了标准,无论案件发生在何处,官员都必须“亲自动手”。即使身体的气味令人不愉快,官员也必须“指明案件并且无法避免气味”。

。在宋词之前,在检查身体时,秘密部分总是被遮盖起来。

虽然宋词也是“理想主义”哲学的学者,但他在剖析自己的身体时是非常务实的,并且是唯物主义者。他警告官员:不要让人们掩盖秘密地点,所有地方都必须“仔细检查”,看是否有致命的异物,如针和刀。并明确指出,“被检查的女性一定不要因为羞耻而避免”应该被带到“光线柔和的地方”。不要放弃细节,以便您可以更清楚地看到。

29be46aff08b4094ba43f2e6b4a00e05

正是因为宋词重视实践检验并重视证据。作为一名官员,他在20多年的时间里破获了无数案件。在福建的简阳,还有一个传说,宋词“可以让死人说话”。

根据传说,宋慈收到一份报告称房屋内发生火灾。当他到达现场时,死者的妻子在烧焦的尸体旁边哭泣。这位女士告诉宋慈,她的丈夫因病去世了。她出去工作了。当她回来时,房子被烧毁,她的丈夫被烧死了。

宋慈仔细检查了身体,没有发现任何挣扎的迹象。连接到地面的背面上的烧痕显着更轻,死者口中没有灰尘。

换句话说,死者没有被烧伤。很可能是有人杀了他并放火烧了假场面。

宋词根据身体信息“告诉”他并进一步调查。他发现死者的妻子与其他人通奸。被发现后,他和奸夫勒死了死者,然后放火烧毁房子,导致被烧死的现象。

7d9c22144e60462f80186eec685de583

在宋词一起破案之后,他总结了很多经验并花了10年时间编译《洗冤集录》。这本书被誉为中国第一部法医专着,它讲述了打破案件的各种方法。其中之一是“煮骨测试”,用于清洁身体的骨骼,用细麻绳将它们串在一起,并将它们整齐地放在竹垫上。然后挖一个地窖,用木头烧掉地幔的墙壁。当酒窖的墙壁变红时,倒入两升好酒和五升酸醋。

从地窖传递热量,将骨头提升到地窖并覆盖垫子。一小时后,取出骨头,将它们放在明亮的地方,在阳光下打开一把红色的伞,然后检查骨头。如果骨骼被击中,则会出现红色痕迹,并且骨骼的两端都会出现晕圈。在阳光下观察到带有红色标记的骨头,可以发现红色部分在出生前被击中。如果骨头上没有血影,即使它被打破,也会在死后留下伤口。

对于许多法医专家来说,这种方法是科学的。当人们还活着的时候,他们就会遭到殴打,血液会渗入骨头,血液就会流到骨头上。此外,今天仍在使用诸如“检查头骨,检查血液”和“飞行嗜血”等方法。

ac37f3bdca294c16b5c46cb206ec5365

但是,由于时代的限制,《洗冤集录》也有不科学的地方。例如,“血液识别”没有科学依据。然而,后人对宋慈和《洗冤集录》的评价仍然很高,称其为“法医的鼻祖”。

日期归档
  • 友情链接:
  • 楚汉新闻门户网 版权所有© www.edu-china.net 技术支持:楚汉新闻门户网| 网站地图